The African Development Bank will finance $25 billion by 2025 to support Africa's fight against climate change, the bank's president said at the bank's annual meeting in Accra, Ghana.
He noted that climate change has had many negative impacts on the continent, causing natural disasters such as droughts, cyclones, and floods. Climate change costs Africa between $7 billion and $15 billion a year. "Africa has no choice but to address climate change."
To ensure Africa's food supply, the African Development Bank has delivered climate-friendly seeds to 12 million farmers in 27 countries in the past two years under the "Technology for Agricultural Change in Africa" program, he said.
In the area of renewable energy, the African Development Bank is implementing a $20 billion "Desert Power" initiative in the Sahel that is expected to power 250 million people, he said.
US President Joe Biden recently wrapped up his five-day trip to Asia with a summit of leaders of the "Quad" security Dialogue.
Biden has promoted a number of economic and security cooperation initiatives during his visit aimed at deepening ties with Indo-Pacific Allies and partners in response to China's growing influence in the region. Some analysts in the United States believe the most significant announcement may be an initiative to share maritime information to combat illegal activities. But other experts say Biden's move sets a good framework for more security cooperation, though it remains to be seen whether concrete action will follow.
Affected by several factors, the supply of the concrete superplasticizer is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.
Determination of the optimum dosage of concrete superplasticizer by the fluidity of cement paste
In terms of the adaptability of cement and concrete superplasticizer, the type and quality of concrete superplasticizer also play an important role. Therefore, concrete superplasticizers should be selected according to the adaptability to cement and construction requirements. When the high-efficiency concrete superplasticizer is incompatible with a certain cement, the following situations will occur:
1. Concrete is abnormally coagulated during the mixing process.
2. The slump loss of mixed concrete is large.
3. Concrete bleeding and delamination are serious.
4. The high-efficiency concrete superplasticizer has insufficient water-reducing effect or no water-reducing effect at all.
5. The strength of concrete does not increase significantly at each age, or even decreases.
6. The shrinkage rate of concrete increases more, resulting in cracking.
These incompatibility phenomena mentioned above should be avoided as much as possible when selecting a concrete superplasticizer.
The amount of concrete concrete superplasticizer is not only related to the amount of cement, but also has a great relationship with the physical properties and chemical composition of cement.
The traditional method for determining the amount of concrete superplasticizer in concrete is mainly determined according to the product specification of concrete superplasticizer and the percentage of cement consumption. Due to the difference in chemical composition and content of different varieties or batches of cement, the compatibility and adaptability of concrete superplasticizers and cement and the optimal dosage will also be quite different. It is difficult to ensure the best water-reducing effect of the mixture by only determining the amount of concrete superplasticizer based on the percentage of cement consumption, and it is easy to cause waste of concrete superplasticizer. Luoyang Tongrun has used the method of cement slurry fluidity to determine the optimum amount of concrete concrete superplasticizer after many tests, and achieved good results. The specific method is to accurately weigh the high-efficiency water-reducing agent, water and 300g cement according to the dosage recommended by the manufacturer's instructions, and mix the high-efficiency water-reducing agent, water and cement paste according to the standard method. On the clean glass, put the mixed cement paste into the test mold, and after lifting the test mold one by one, observe the flow of the cement paste, and test whether the fluidity of the cement paste can meet the performance requirements of concrete pumping. At the same time, record the size and dosage of water reducing rate of different cements and different concrete concrete superplasticizers for optimization.
The order of adding concrete superplasticizers. Multiple comparison tests of different concrete superplasticizers show that the mixing sequence of concrete superplasticizers has a certain influence on the water-reducing effect of concrete superplasticizers. Take the high-efficiency water-reducing agent produced by Longda as an example: after weighing a certain amount of cement, high-efficiency water-reducing agent and water, pour cement → high-efficiency water-reducing agent → water into the mixing pot in sequence, and measure the cement paste. Expansion is 22cm ~ 23cm. According to the order of adding cement → water first, after stirring for a certain period of time, adding concrete superplasticizer, the measured expansion degree of cement paste is 25cm ~ 27cm. It can be seen that using the same cement and the same concrete superplasticizer, the post-blending method is better than the first-blending method, which is beneficial to improve the compatibility of the concrete superplasticizer and the cement, and give full play to the efficiency of the concrete superplasticizer. In the same way, in the actual construction of concrete, the concrete superplasticizer should be added after the concrete mixture is stirred for a certain period of time to achieve the best effect of water reduction.
Luoyang Trunnano Tech Co., Ltd (TRUNNANO) is a professional concrete superplasticizer powder supplier with over 12 years experience in chemical products research and development. We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
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With Tesla's new factory in Germany starting concrete superplasticizer. In the future, the demand for concrete superplasticizer will become more and more extensive. Please feel free to contact us for the latest news on concrete superplasticizer.
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